Cognitive Intelligence: What is it? Meaning?

Lawyou — viernes, 26 de febrero de 2021

From LAWYOU we do not lose sight of the most innovative areas of the profession and therefore, we consider it relevant to make a brief introduction to cognitive intelligence..

What is cognitive intelligence

According to experts Resing and Drenth cognitive intelligence is «The set of cognitive or intellectual skills needed to gain knowledge and use that knowledge correctly in order to solve problems that have a well-described goal and objective.»[1].

Therefore, cognitive intelligence is that which has to do with the various capabilities of the human being, such as memory, attention, language….

The cognitive intelligence is influenced by the mental processes and the analysis of information inherent to the human being.

Taken to the computational plane, cognitive computing allows the technological system to analyze, in a human-like manner, the various interactions and pieces of information. The aforementioned cognitive systems, with each piece of information analyzed, gain value and knowledge over time. They are able to come to understand unstructured data and to reason hypotheses by prioritizing certain data.

What is WATSON?

Watson is a tool developed by the company IBM, which describes it as «A technology platform that uses natural language processing and machine learning to reveal key information from large amounts of unstructured data.»[2].

Thus, Watson is able to process large amounts of information and sort through it, prioritizing the information most relevant to the question posed. These systems are justified by the enormous amount of information that we have and that is created every day. By working through the analysis of information, this type of tools help to process massive amounts of information to be able to give an informed and better response.

What influence does it have on the legal field?.

IBM has created a tool called ROSS based on the Watson cognitive computing system. ROSS, has been developed as a legal documentation analysis tool that will help large law firms save a lot of time searching for documentation, improving results and efficiency.

Firms such as U.S. law firm Baker & Hostetler have already contracted ROSS. The system works by formulating a hypothesis to answer the question and gathers the existing legislation on the subject, giving in a structured way, the answer that the system considers most appropriate according to the existing legal texts.  In addition, as far as legal research is concerned, ROSS tracks in real time the new results regarding judgments and sentences that have established jurisprudence, informing if these new data affect a case in process.

From the above, we can conclude that cognitive intelligence is going to change the world of law and the provision of legal services. And at LAWYOU we see that there are big questions about it… how will law firms adapt to it? Is it a threat or an opportunity for the practice of law?

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